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Tuesday 5th of April, 2022

Explaining the hints for lepton flavour universality violation with three $S_2$ leptoquark generations

Leptoquarks are prime candidates for explaining the intriguing hints for lepton flavour universality violation. In particular, the $SU(2)_L$ doublet of scalar leptoquarks $S_2$ is capable of providing an explanation for the tensions between the measurements and the Standard Model predictions in $(g-2)_\mu$, $b\to s\ell^+ \ell^-$ and $b\to c\tau\nu$ processes, as well as in non-resonant di-electron production. However, in the minimal setup with a single leptoquark generation, a common explanation for all these issues is not possible as this would lead to unacceptably large charged lepton flavour violation. We therefore propose a model with three generations of $S_2$, each coupling exclusively to a single lepton flavour, \textit{i.e.}~a model extending the Standard Model particle content by an electroquark, a muoquark and a tauquark. We show that after taking into account other constraints, such as those originating from electroweak precision observables and $\Delta F=2$ processes, it is possible to provide a combined explanation for all these hints of lepton flavour universality violation. Moreover, we find that the presence of the tauquark can generate a dimension-six ${\cal O}_9^U$ operator via off-shell photon penguin diagrams, which, together with the muoquark contribution, further improves the global fit to $b \to s \ell^+ \ell^-$ data.
Comments: 48 pages, 11 figures
Subjects: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph); High Energy Physics - Experiment (hep-ex); Nuclear Experiment (nucl-ex); Nuclear Theory (nucl-th)
Report number: MPP-2022-30, PSI-PR-22-07, ZU-TH 08/22
Cite as: arXiv:2203.10111 [hep-ph]
  (or arXiv:2203.10111v1 [hep-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Andreas Crivellin [view email

Presented by Guilherme


Reach and complementarity of $μ\to e$ searches

In Effective Field Theory, we describe $\mu\leftrightarrow e$ flavour changing transitions using an operator basis motivated by experimental observables. In a six-dimensional subspace probed by $\mu \to e \gamma$, $\mu \to 3e$ and $\mu\to e$ conversion on nuclei, we derive constraints on the New Physics scale from past and future experiments, illustrating the complementarity of the processes in an intuitive way. We also recall that a precise determination of the scalar quark currents in the nucleon will be required to distinguish scalar $\mu\to e$ interactions on u-quarks from those on d-quarks.
Comments: 10 pages, 7 figures, + 5 pages appendices
Subjects: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (hep-ph)
Cite as: arXiv:2204.00564 [hep-ph]
  (or arXiv:2204.00564v1 [hep-ph] for this version)

Submission history

From: Sacha Davidson [view email
[v1] Fri, 1 Apr 2022 16:46:47 UTC (2,592 KB)

Presented by Supratim