## Journal Club

Seminar Room

If you want to propose a paper, you can contact **Supratim Das Bakshi** (*sdb AT ugr.es*)

### Tuesday 14th of February, 2023

# Title:On the dimensionality of spacetime

Abstract: Some superstring theories have more than one effective low-energy limit, corresponding to classical spacetimes with different dimensionalities. We argue that all but the 3+1-dimensional one might correspond to ``dead worlds'', devoid of observers, in which case all such ensemble theories would actually predict that we should find ourselves inhabiting a 3+1-dimensional spacetime. With more or less than one time-dimension, the partial differential equations of nature would lack the hyperbolicity property that enables observers to make predictions. In a space with more than three dimensions, there can be no traditional atoms and perhaps no stable structures. A space with less than three dimensions allows no gravitational force and may be too simple and barren to contain observers.

Presented by Renato

# Title:A Complete Set of the Dimension-8 Green's Basis Operators in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory

Abstract: We present a complete and independent off-shell Green's basis of the dimension 8 operators in the Standard Model effective field theory (SMEFT). We propose an off-shell amplitude formalism such that this new kind of amplitudes has a one-to-one correspondence to general operators carrying all kinds of redundancies. The advantage of such formalism is that all kinds of redundancies can be formulated explicitly in terms of the off-shell spinors and thus be removed systematically from the exhaustive list of the general off-shell amplitudes. Following such procedure, redundant operators can be reduced to the ones with the only redundancy from the equation of motion kept, the Green's basis. We find there are (993+1649) independent (on-shell + off-shell) operators for one generation of fermions and (44807+66197) ones for three generations at the dimension 8. This systematic method can be applied to obtain the Green's basis at any mass dimension for general EFTs.

#### All Dates

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